A Tribute to Sri Sankara Bhagavad Padhal !!


Jai Sriman Narayana !!

Jaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara Sankara !!

Sruthi Smrithi Purananam Alayam Karunalayam

Namai Bhagavad Padha Sankaram Loka Sankaram


Lord Vishnu was witnessing the cosmic dance forms of Lord Shiva with immense pleasure; eventually it has increased the heaviness of his body due to this incredible happiness.  As a result, Adidesha’s body partially sunk in to the ocean; he earnestly enquired Lord about the reason for the same.  Lord Vishnu delightfully responds to him that it was Lord Shiva’s cosmic dance forms brought him in a state of ecstasy.   After listening to the Supreme Lord, Adishesha also had the yearning to witness the dance forms of Lord Shiva, earnestly prayed to Lord Vishnu to provide an opportunity.  Lord Vishnu blessed Adishesha and instructed him to descend to Earth.    He took birth as Sage Pathanjali on Earth and arrived at Chidambaram, one of the prominent temples of Lord Shiva.  Sage Pathanjali compiled Yogasutra and commentary on Vykarana Sastra known as Mahabhasyam, he desired to give lessons on the above to his disciples, within a short span of time the number of disciples has increased tremendously.  He felt it was not that easy to clarify the doubts of thousands of disciples at a time, so decided to have the form of Adidesha, so that he would be able to answer his disciples with his thousand tongues.  Therefore, a curtain was raised in the 1000 pillared hall of Chidambaram; Sage Pathanjali took seat behind the curtain and the disciples on the other side.  There were two strict conditions laid before the students; it was no one should raise the curtain while the discussion on lessons and another one was no one should leave the class in the middle that would cause them to afflict with the curse.   In this way Sage Pathanjali commenced his classes on Mahabhashyam.   As the class was in progress a disciple had to leave the class in the middle as he has to attend nature’s call and another disciple had a doubt about how it would be possible for their master to answer thousands of questions simultaneously, So he raised the curtain before him against the strict order of his master, instantly all the disciples were burnt into ashes due to the mouthful of venomous air of Adishesha.  Sage Pathanjali was thoroughly disappointed at the turn of events and disillusioned at the thought of no one to share the commentary on Mahabhashyam.  Soon there appeared the disciple who was abruptly left the class in the middle; his presence brought immense happiness in Sage.  The compassionate Sage Pathanjali started giving lessons to him elaborately.  Unfortunately, the disciple had a curse upon him to take birth as Brahma Rakshass and should give the lessons on Mahabhashyam to a true disciple that would relieve him from the curse. 

The Brahmarakshass continued search for an ideal disciple for long time and he was disheartened at the nonappearance of a disciple to learn Mahabhsyam.  In the meantime, Chandra Sharma who was lived in Kashmir had a heartfelt desire to learn from Sage Pathanjali, so he decided to leave to Chidambram.  On his way, Chandra Sharma arrived in a temple situated on the river banks of Narmada.  Brahmarakshass had a discussion on Vykarana Sasastram with Chandra Sharma and clarified all his doubts.  Chandra Sharama revealed his purpose of journey to Chidambaram.  After listening to Chandra Sharma, Brahma Rakshass informed him that he had learnt Vyakarana Sastra from Sage Pathanjali and Sage was not available in Chidambaram, Brahma Rakshass revealed its intention to conduct lessons on the same.  Chandra Sharma blissfully agreed but Brahmarakshass put forwards two conditions before him.  It was Chandra Sharma should not get down from the tree while learning; he has to wait until the lessons are over and he should not sleep while the lessons are on.  As per the conditions Chandra Sharma took seat on the Banyan tree where Brahmarakshass was already settled and started learning lessons.  Chandra Sharma sincerely learnt the lessons without sleep or food for nine days, using the Banyan tree leaves for writing purpose, dried branches as pen and his blood as ink to compose the same.  In this way, Chandra Sharma completed the study of Vyakarana Sastras in nine days; eventually Brahmarakshass was relieved from the curse and regained his old form as Gaudapadhar.   After the glorious period of Sage Suka, son of Maharishi Veda Vyasa ,  it was Gaudapadhar who initiated the tradition of veneration of  Acharya and disciple on Earth.  Chandra Sharma made a bundle of all those leaves written by him and recommenced his journey, due to hunger and lack of sleep chandra Sharma fallen asleep, when he got out of the sleep found some of the leaves were already consumed by  goats, currently the remaining  of these sacred scriptures  of Mahabhasyam are available for our learning purpose.

It was believed that the compassionate Sage Pathanjali took birth as Chandra Sharma and learnt the Mahabhashyam from the Brahmarakshass in order to remove the curse of his disciple of previous birth.  Chandra Sharma accepted Grahasthashrama for quite some time.  Later, he returned to Gaudapadhar and embraced Sanyasa with the name Govinda Bhagavad Padhar.

Maharishi Veda Vyasa, father of Sage Suka/ Sukabrahmam enlightens Govinda Bhagavad Padhar with the knowledge that Lord Shiva will take birth on Earth to compose commentaries on the Vyasa Sutras and Govinda Bhagavad Padhar should serve him as master.  Maharishi Veda Vyasa advised Govinda Bhagavad Padhar to reside on the river banks of Narmada to receive his marvelous disciple, a personification of Lord Shiva.  As instructed by Maharishi Veda Vyasa, Govinda Bhagavad Padhar underwent deep meditation under the tree where he had learnt lessons from his Acharya Gaudapadhar.

Sri Sankara started his journey from Kaladi after obtaining permission from his mother Smt.Arayamba for Sanyasa travelled extensively through the length and breadth in search of Acharya, finally arrived on the river banks of Narmada.  The Narmada was brimming with water; Sankara had to cross the river to meet his Acharya.   Instantly, Govinda Bhagavad Padhar recognized the presence of his disciple, wanted to test him.  Govinda Bhagavad Padhar shot a question ‘Who are you?’, Sankara mellifluously replied ‘Aham Ithi Brahmasmi’ ( I am not the body, I am the Brahmam) in a beautiful ten verses known as Nirvana Sathakam.  Thus, Govinda Bhagavad Padhar realized the true wisdom of his disciple.  Sankara compressed the brimming water of Narmada into his Kamandalu(Vessel) and made his way to his Acharya,  he prostrated before him and  embraced Sanyasa with the title Sri Sankara Bhagavad Padhar.  

Sri  Sankara initiated the Philosophy of Advaitha and sheltered Sanathana Dharma and Veda Sastras.  Sri Sankara educated the world about the quintessence of Advaitha Philosophy and the significance of Vedasastras.  During this period, there were 6 sects of worship such as Ganapathyam, Saivam, Saktham, Vaishnavam, Kaumaram and Sauram was established in place of  72 sects of worships and wrote commentaries on Vyasa Sootras.  Sri Sankara asserted eternal knowledge of  Athman/soul is the Truth and rest are illusion.  Sri Sankara travelled extensively through the sacred lands of Bharatha propagating the knowledge of Advaitha Philosophy and the significance Veda Sastras.  Sri Sankara along with his Acharaya  Sri Govinda Bagavad Padhar and Parameshti Guru Sri Goudapadhar visited the shrines of Badri and Kedarnath and underwent strict austerities.  Sri Sankara served his Acharyas and with their blessing proceeded to Mount Kailash.

Jaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara Sankara !!
Jai Sriman Narayana !!

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