108 Divya Desams !! Tirumala –Thirupathi Sri Srinivasa Perumal Temple !!

Jai Sriman Narayana !!
Srivaikunda Virakthaya Swami Pushkarani Thade
Ramaya Ramamanaya Venkatesaya Mangalam
Tirumala /Thirupathi is one of the 108 Divya Desasam of Lord Vishnu known as Adi Varaha Kshetram/Swayam Vyaktha Kshetram located on the Eastern Ghat widely known as Sapthagiri/Seven Hills such as Seshadri, Niladri, Garudadri Anjanadri, Vrushabadri, Narayanadri and Venkatadri in Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh.  This Divyadesam constitutes shrines of Sri Adi Varaha Swamy, Sri Srinivasa Perumal/ Sri Kalyana Venkateswarar with his consort Goddess Sri Padmavathy, Sri Govindaraja Perumal in reclining posture – brother of Sri Srinivasa Perumal with his consort Sri Pundarikavalli Thayar and a separate shrine for Sri Padmavathy Thayar  at Tiruchanur.  The grandeur of this temple was precisely narrated in Brahmanda Purana, Skanda Purana, Padma Purana, Garuda Purana, Aditya Purana, Markandeya Purana, Varaha Purana and Brahmanda Purana respectively. 
Presiding deity –Moolavar Sri Srinivasa Perumal with his consort Goddess Sri Alarmelmangai Thayar, Utsavar - Bhoga Srinivasa Perumal/Kalyana Venkateswara/ Sri Rama/Ugra Srinivasan/Koluvu Srinivasa/Krishna/Balaji/ Malaikuniyanindra Perumal with his consort Goddess Sri Alarmel Mangai
Vimanam – Ananda Nilaya Vimanam
Theertham – Seshachala Theertham, Swami Pushkarani, Chakra Theertham, ( There are 14 holy Theerthas positioned here).  Holy dip in Swami Pushkarani is capable to eradicates all the sins and cure illnesses. 
Prathyaksham to – Thondaiman Chakravarthy, Lord Subramanya,
Mangalasasanam – Periyalwar, Sri Andal, Kulazhekara Alwar, Thirumazhisai Alwar, Thiruppana Alwar, Thirumangai Alwar, Poigai Alwar, Boothathalwar, Peyalwar, Nammalwar,
Festivals – There are Nithyostavam, Pakshostavam, Masostavam, Brahmostavam etc... Brahmostavam in Purattasi &Karthikai as well, Thiru Kalyana Utsavam, Vaikundha Ekadashi, Krishnashtami, Rama Navami, Vasanthostavam, Ratha Sapthami, Sahasra Deepa Alankarana Seva, Dolostavam, Nithya Kalyana Utsavam,  Vasanthostavam, Arjitha Brahmostavam
Nithyostavam - Nithyakalyanostavam, Arjitha Brahmostavam, Dolostavam, Vasanthostavam, Sahasradeepalankarana seva,
Sri Srinivasa Swamy Kalyanam  with the Ubhaya Devis Sri Sridevi and Sri Bhoodevi Thayar in a celebrated manner beings with Vikshwasena Puja, Angoorarppanam, Rakshabhandhanam, Agni Prathishta,  Madhuparkka Samarppanam, Pradhama Kanya Veekshanam, Noothana Vastra Samarppanam, Maha Sankalpam, Kalyana Pravaram ( in this the details of the lineage and grandeur of bride-groom  and bride is mentioned), Mangalya  Aradhana with the holy water of Akasha Ganga, Mangalya Puja, Mangalya Dharanam, Ananda Karpoora Neeranjanam, Laaja Homam, Poornahuthi, Varanamayiram, Pushpamalika Parivarthanam, Thalambrala Seva, Maha Mangala Harathi.
During Arjitha Brahmostavam  the presiding deities Sri Srinivasa Perumal with Ubayanachiyars Sri Sridevi & Boodevi Nachiyars will give dharshan on the golden celestial vehicles in an order 1) Garudalwar 2 ) Anajaneya 3) Anantha and offerings of Doopam, Deepa, Karpoora harthi is performed. 
Dolostavam performed to the presiding deities Sri Srinivasa Perumal with Goddess Sri Devi & Boodevi Nachiyars in a golden ceremonial carriage along with Vedic chants and concludes with  Ananda Karpoora harthi.  
Vasantostavam is performed to the presiding deities Sri Srinivasa Perumal with his consorts Goddess Sri Sridevi & Boodevi Nachiyars .  It includes Arkhyam, Parkhyam, Achamaneeyam, Dhoopam, Deepam,  Karpooraharathi and followed by sacred bath with Go Ksheera, Dhadhi, Madhu, Nalikerapaneeyam, Haridra Jalam, Sandanam followed by Vedic chants and Sahasradhara. 
Vasantostavam -  Vasntostavam of Lord Sri Srinivasa with Ubhyadevi's begins with vedic chants of Purusha Sooktham and Sri Sooktham and the sacred rituals are performed according to Vaikhasana Agama.   The rituals includes Sankalpam, Upacharam with Doopa, Deepa, Neivedhyam, Thamboola Samarppanam, rituals baths to the deities with Go Ksheera, Dhadhi, Madhu (honey), Nalikerapaneeyam, Haridra Jalam, Sandanam followed by Nakshatra Harathi, Kumbha Harathi, Karpoora Neeranjanam and Sahasra Dara / Kalasabhishekam.
Sannidhis – Adi Varahaswamy, Goddess Vakuladevi (Mother of Lord Srinivasa), Sri Ramanujar, Yoga Narasimhar, Vikshwasenar, Garudalwar, Sugreeva, Lord Anjaneya, Angadha
The legend has that Sage Kashyapa performed a grand Yagna on the river banks of Ganges.  There were several Rishis and Sages took part in it, there appeared Maharishi Narada with a discreet query.  Maharishi Narada enquired the Rishis about the purpose of the fire sacrifice and who will be most pleased out of the Trinities?  But Rishis were unable to answer the queries of Maharishi Narada.  They approached Sage Brighu to find an appropriate answer.  Sage Brighu left to Brahma Loka/Satya Loka – The Abode of Lord Brahma in order to get a precise answer and examine the same.   There he found Lord Brahma and Goddess Sri Saraswathy were engaged in reciting Vedas to please Lord Vishnu, they did not pay any attention to Sage Brighu’s obeisance.  Sage Brighu was extremely disappointed and left to Mount Kailash/Shiva Loka - The Abode of Lord Shiva; there he found Lord Shiva and his consort Goddess Sri Parvati absorbed in performing cosmic dance forms.  They were unaware of the presence of Sage Brighu and same thing repeated there too.  Sage Brighu unhappily left to Sri Vaikundham - The Abode of Lord Vishnu.   There he found Lord Vishnu in his cosmic sleep and Goddess Sri Mahalakshmi attending to him.  This infuriated Sage Brighu, in a sudden rage he raised his leg and kicked on the chest of the Lord the place where Sri Mahalakshmi resides.  Instantly, Lord Vishnu rose from his cosmic sleep and took hold of Sage Brighu’s feet regretfully, with a deep concern pressed it with a thought of his feet might have got hurt by this action.    The most pleased Sage Brighu declared that Lord Vishnu is the Supreme Lord amongst the Trinities most delighted with the fire sacrifices.   Therefore, Sage Brighu peacefully left Sri Vaikundham.
After this incident, Lord Vishnu and Goddess Sri Mahalakshmi had a heated argument upon the disrespectful act of Sage Brighu and Goddess Sri Mahalakshmi left Sri Vaikundham.  It was unbearable for Lord Vishnu to live without Goddess Sri Mahalakshmi at Vaikundham, so he also came down to Earth and resided in an anthill situated in Venkatadri hills on this sacred land.   Lord Brahma, Lord Shiva and deities assumed the form of Cow and calves and they began to attend Lord Vishnu in the anthill in order to preserve the existence of Trinities and thereby protect the Universe.   The cows served the Lord by pouring its milk on the anthill.   One day, the cowherd noticed the cows pouring their milk on the anthill, it infuriated him and he threw an axe on the cow.  Suddenly, there appeared Lord Srinivasa from the anthill and protected the cows from its danger.  Instead, Lord Srinivasa got a cut mark on his chin and started to bleed.  At this very sight, the cowherd died out of shock.  The King who was ruled the province came with his men to inspect the land, Lord appeared before him and cursed for the irrational behavior of the cowherd.  Later, the most compassionate Lord pardoned the King and remained as Lord Srinivasa on this sacred land known as Varaha Kshetram. 
There are several interesting myths attached to this temple.    Rangadasa an ardent devotee of Lord Vishnu found an idol of Lord Vishnu on the river banks of Swami Pushkarani.   He became thoughtful at the sight of the idol of Lord stayed behind the open space at the intense heat and cold.  He sincerely constructed a rough wall around the idol to protect from the weather changes and started to worship Lord.  Lord was pleased at the devotion of Rangadasa and blessed him.   Rangadasa born to a Royal couple Suvira and Nandini, they named the child as Tondaiman and became a legal heir to the throne.   He became the ruler of that province and continued his selfless worship to Lord.    While Tondaiman Chakravarthy on his hunting expedition arrived at this sacred land and found the Idol of Lord Vishnu.  Shortly, he constructed a magnificent temple of Lord Vishnu on its place to worship.
Ananthalwar, disciple of Sri Ramanujar and one of the fervent devotees of Lord Vishnu constructed a beautiful flower garden in order to worship Lord with fresh and alluring flowers.  The couple worked all day to find a water source and created a well for watering plants.  They were totally engrossed in their work.  There appeared a Brahmachari with a helping hand to Ananthalwar’s wife.    Ananthalwar refused any help from the Brahmachari and angrily threw the spade on him.  The spade hit on Brahmachari’s chin and started to bleed, instantly he disappeared from the scene.  In the evening, Ananthalwar with a heavy heart entered in the sanctum and sanctorum of Lord and found the blood oozing from the chin of the idol.    Ananthalwar turned inconsolable; He earnestly prayed to Lord and applied a herbal substance on the wounded chin.   This particular custom is still continuing in this temple as a part of daily rituals to Lord Srinivasa. 
This temple remains open from 3.00AM to 3.00PM in the mornings 4.00PM to 9.00PM in the evenings (approximately 18 .00 to 20.00 hours a day).
Jai Sriman Narayana !!


babu krishnan said...

What a rich and complete expose of the favorite temples and their locales, history and the background. Compliments and congrats for such divine collection. Hopefully these links will encourage more repeated visits to the sites.

UmaSubu said...

Thanks for your valuable comments. I wish more and more people should visit this temple and avail the Grace of Lord Balaji. Regards, Uma

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