275 Thevara Shivasthalam !! Thirukadaiyur Amruthakhateswarar Temple !!

Jai Sriman Narayana !!

Jaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara Sankara !!

Thirukadaiyur is one of the 275 Thevara Shivasthalam of Lord Shiva located in Thirukadavoor/Thirukadaiyur, which is  18kms from Mayavaram, Nagapattinam District, Tamil Nadu.  This is one of the oldest temples of Lord Shiva built during the 11th century also known as Ashta Veerattanam/Vilvaranyam Kshetram.

This temple has grand architectural structure and it occupies huge acres of land built during the regime of Chola Kings.  The temple inscription reveals its existence from the date of King Raja Raja Chola.  King Kulothunga Chola has made remarkable contributions to this temple.

Presiding deity – Lord Amruthaghateswarar with his consort Goddess Sri Abirami.

Mangalasasanam – Thiru Gnana Sambandhar, Sundarar, and Thirunavukkarasar sung praising the glories of Kalasamharamurthy/Mruthyunjaya Murthy/Amruthaghateswarar in this temple.  Thiru Abirami Bhattar sung praising the glories of Goddess Abirami in this temple.

Sthalavruksham – Vilvam/Jathi (Bael tree/Pinchilam)

Theertham – Amrutha Theertham, Kasi Theertham

Worshipped by – Sage Agastya, Sage Pulastya, Serpent Vasuki, Goddess Durga, Lord Yama, Sage Markandeya,

Significance – Thiru Kungiliyakalaya Nayanar and Kari Nayanar were born in this sacred land and worshipped Lord Amruthakhateswarar to their heartfelt content and attained the Abode of Lord Shiva in this sacred land.

Sannidhis – Lord Ganesha, Lord Subramanya, Sage Markandeya, Lord Nandikeshwara, Lord Naganatheswara with Goddess Gajalakshmi

Festivals – Chithirai Brahmostavam, Maha Shivaratri, Arudra Darisanam, Thiru Karthikai

Nindrum Irunthum Kidanthum Ninaipathu Unnai

Yendrum Vananguvathu Un Malarthal Yezhuthamarayin

Ondrum Arumporule Arule Umaiye Imayathu

Andrum Piranthavale Azhiya Mukthi Anandamey

Many interesting myths associated with this temple.  Abirami Bhattar composed glorious verses praising Goddess Abirami in his famous composition ‘Abirami Pathikam’.  In this, Bhattar praised Goddess in 100 marvelous verses with unique phonetic skill.

The Deities and demons decided churning of the Milky Ocean for the nectar of immortality; they forgot to pay initial obeisance and worship to Lord Ganesha.   It infuriated Lord Ganesha and he hid the pot contains elixir of immortality, soon after it turned out a stunning Linga.  Thus, the presiding deity has got his name Amruthaghateswarar in this temple.

The legend has that Sage Mrigandu worshipped Lord Shiva to have a virtuous offspring and underwent severe austerities.    Lord Shiva was pleased at the devotion of Sage Mrigandu and offered him two sets of boon to choose anyone out it.  The two boons were a child with long life and no intelligence and another one was a virtuous child with high brilliance but short life.  Soon, Sage Brigandu opted for the second boon.  As a result, Sage Brigandu and his wife Madhurmathi had a stunning boy child.  They named him Markandeya.  Markandeya was grown into a righteous   brilliant boy.  He was a zealous devotee of Lord Shiva from childhood.   The life span allotted for this virtuous child Markandeya was ended when he attained the age of 16 years.  Lord Yama chased Markandeya with his rope to get hold of him.  Markandeya scurried to this temple and surrendered to Lord hugging the Linga firmly.  Lord Yama followed Markandeya and threw the noose of the rope on his neck; eventually the noose tightened the Linga as well.  The most infuriated Lord Shiva trampled Lord Yama to death.  Thus, Markandeya was saved from Lord Yama and blessed with immortality.  Consequently, Sage Markandeya remained on Earth until the deluge was taken place. 

The absence of Lord Yama created huge chaos in the Universe.  Goddess Earth prayed to Lord Vishnu to save her from the burden of excessive inhabitants.  Lord Brahma and Lord Vishnu approached Lord Shiva and requested to give life to Lord Yama and reinstate the righteousness on the land. 

Another legend has that Abirami Bhattar a fervent devotee of Goddess Sri Abirami lived on this sacred land and worshipped Goddess Abirami in this temple.   Once King Saraboji the ruler of this city visited this temple and found Bhattar who was meditating upon Goddess Abirami without paying any attention to King’s arrival.  It irritated the King and in order to test the devotion of the Bhattar, the King shot a question about the significance of the day whether it was Full Moon or New Moon day.    Bhattar who was in deep meditation visualizing the dazzling face of Goddess Abirami answered that it was Full Moon day.  Actually, that was a New Moon day.  King Saraboji was deeply annoyed at the careless answer of Bhattar.  He ordered Bhattar to prove his aphorism was true, otherwise he would be shoved into flames.  Bhattar was not at all worried about the verdict of the King; he remained immersed in the meditation of Goddess Abirami.  In the night a huge crowd was assembled in the temple to witness this miraculous event, Bhattar seated in the middle of flames, he passionately sung the 100 glorious verses of Goddess Abirami, at the end Goddess Abirami tossed her ear ring in the sky and a sudden brilliant light wrapped the entire land with Full Moon to prove Bhattar was true.  Thus, Goddess Abirami saved the life of Abirami Bhattar.

Vizhikke Arul Undu Abirama Vallikku Vedam Sonna

Vazhikke Vazhipada Nenjundu Yemakku Avvazhi Kidaikka

Pazhikke Suzhandru Ven Pavangalai Seithu Paazh Naraka

Kuzhikke Azhundhum Kayavar Thammodu Yenna Koottu Iniye?

Worship of Sri Amruthaghateswarar with his consort Goddess Sri Abirami and performance of Mrutyunjaya Homam, Beemaradha Shanthi, Shastiabdhapoorthi, Ayush Homam provides abundance of merits.

This temple remains open from 6.00AM to 1.00PM in the morning and 4.00PM to 9.00PM in the evenings.

Jaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara Sankara !!

Jai Sriman Narayana !!

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